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Energy Transfer System for Electric Vehicles - Part 1: Functional Requirements and System Architectures

2020-12-02
WIP
J2293/1
SAE J2293 establishes requirements for Electric Vehicles (EV) and the off-board Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) used to transfer electrical energy to an EV from an Electric Utility Power System (Utility) in North America. This document defines, either directly or by reference, all characteristics of the total EV Energy Transfer System (EV-ETS) necessary to insure the functional interoperability of an EV and EVSE of the same physical system architecture. The ETS, regardless of architecture, is responsible for the conversion of AC electrical energy into DC electrical energy that can be used to charge the Storage Battery of an EV, as shown in Figure 1.
Standard

SAE J2954/2 Wireless Power Transfer & Alignment for Heavy Duty Applications

2020-12-02
WIP
J2954/2
SAE J2954/2 establishes an industry-wide specification guideline that defines acceptable criteria for the interoperability, electromagnetic compatibility, minimum performance, safety, and testing for wireless power transfer for high power wireless charging of BEV and PHEV vehicles, for heavy-duty, off-road and equipment applications (defined as HD). HD WPT Power Classes for heavy duty vehicles and equipment applications according to category will be defined above SAE J2954. In addition, HD Vehicle to Ground Assembly (GA) alignment is also included. SAE J2954/2 will be harmonized wherever possible) with SAE J2954.
Standard

Communication Between Plug-In Vehicles and Off-Board DC Chargers

2020-12-01
WIP
J2847/2
This SAE Recommended Practice SAE J2847-2 establishes requirements and specifications for communication between Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and the DC Off-board charger. Where relevant, this document notes, but does not formally specify, interactions between the vehicle and vehicle operator. This document applies to the off-board DC charger for conductive charging, which supplies DC current to the Rechargable Energy Storage System (RESS) of the electric vehicle through a SAE J1772™ coupler. Communications will be on the SAE J1772 Pilot line for PLC communication. The details of PowerLine Communications (PLC) are found in SAE J2931/4. The specification supports DC energy transfer via Forward Power Flow (FPF) from source to vehicle.
Standard

Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Safety Systems Information Report

2020-11-04
CURRENT
J2990/2_202011
This information report provides an overview of a typical high voltage electric propulsion vehicle (xEV) and the associated on-board safety systems typically employed by OEM’s to protect these high voltage systems. The report aims to improve public confidence in xEV safety systems and dispel public misconceptions about the likelihood of being shocked by the high voltage system, even when the vehicle has been damaged. The report will document select high voltage systems used for xEV’s and describe safety systems employed to prevent exposure to the high voltage systems.
Standard

Wireless Power Transfer for Light-Duty Plug-in/Electric Vehicles and Alignment Methodology

2020-10-20
CURRENT
J2954_202010
The SAE J2954 standard establishes an industry-wide specification that defines acceptable criteria for interoperability, electromagnetic compatibility, EMF, minimum performance, safety, and testing for wireless power transfer (WPT) of light-duty plug-in electric vehicles. The specification defines various charging levels that are based on the levels defined for SAE J1772 conductive AC charge levels 1, 2, and 3, with some variations. A standard for WPT based on these charge levels enables selection of a charging rate based on vehicle requirements, thus allowing for better vehicle packaging and ease of customer use. The specification supports home (private) charging and public wireless charging. In the near term, vehicles that are able to be charged wirelessly under SAE J2954 should also be able to be charged conductively by SAE J1772 plug-in chargers. SAE J2954 addresses unidirectional charging, from grid to vehicle; bidirectional energy transfer may be evaluated for a future standard.
Standard

Guidelines for Electric Vehicle Safety

2020-10-13
CURRENT
J2344_202010
This SAE Information Report identifies and defines the preferred technical guidelines relating to safety for vehicles that contain High Voltage (HV), such as Electric Vehicles (EV), Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV), Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCV) and Plug-In Fuel Cell Vehicles (PFCV) during normal operation and charging, as applicable. Guidelines in this document do not necessarily address maintenance, repair, or assembly safety issues.
Standard

Communication for Wireless Power Transfer Between Light-Duty Plug-in Electric Vehicles and Wireless EV Charging Stations

2020-09-29
CURRENT
J2847/6_202009
SAE J2847/6 establishes minimum requirements for communication between an electric vehicle and an inductive battery charging system for wireless power transfer (WPT). Where relevant, this document notes—but does not formally specify—interactions between the vehicle and vehicle operator. This document leverages the work of the SAE J2954 Alignment and Controls Sub-Team in the Wireless Power Transfer and Alignment Task Force by extending a JSON-based message set (protocol) originally developed to bench test wireless energy transfer interoperability between unmatched Ground Assembly (GA) and Vehicle Assembly (VA) systems (i.e., components manufactured by different companies). SAE J2847/6 furthers that work by adding messages sufficient to indicate that proper coil alignment has been achieved, initialize the sub-systems for wireless charging, ramp-up to full power, perform active wireless power transfer, and terminate the WPT session.
Standard

Use Cases for Diagnostic Communication for Plug-in Electric Vehicles

2020-09-22
WIP
J2836/4
This SAE Information Report J2836/4 establishes diagnostic use cases between plug-in electric vehicles and the EV Supply Equipment (EVSE). As Plug-In Vehicles (PEV) are deployed and include both Plug-In Hybrid Electric (PHEV) and Battery Electric (BEV) variations, failures of the charging session between the EVSE and PEV may include diagnostics particular to the vehicle variations. This document will describe the general information required for diagnostics and J2847/4 will include the detail messages to provide accurate information to the customer and/or service personnel to identify the source of the issue and assist in resolution. Existing vehicle diagnostics can also be added and included during this charging session regarding issues that have occurred or are imminent to the EVSE or PEV, to assist in resolution of these items.
Standard

Vehicle Power Test for Electrified Powertrains

2020-07-16
WIP
J2908
This document provides test methods for evaluating the maximum power of electrified vehicle powertrain systems by direct measurement at the drive wheel hubs or axles. Additional tests are included specifically for PHEVs to measure electric-only propulsion power and for HEVs to measure electric power assist and regenerative braking. The testing requires either a chassis or hub dynamometer for all driven wheels. Results are processed to provide fair and consistent comparisons of power capabilities among different designs of electrified powertrains. Tests can also be performed on conventional vehicles if precise comparisons to electrified vehicles are desired.
Standard

Electric Vehicle Power Transfer System Using Conductive Automated Connection Devices Infrastructure-Mounted Pantograph (Cross-Rail) Connection

2020-07-02
WIP
J3105/1
This document details one of the connections of the SAE J3105 document. The connections are referenced in the scope of the main document SAE J3105. SAE J3105-1 details the infrastructure-mounted pantograph, or cross-rail connection. All the common requirements are defined in the main document; the current document provides the details of the connection. This document covers the connection interface relevant requirements for an electric vehicle power transfer system using a conductive ACD based on a cross-rail design. To allow interoperability for on-road vehicles (in particular, buses and coaches), one configuration is described in this document. Other configurations may be used for non-standard applications (for example, mining trucks or port vehicles).
Standard

Electric Vehicle Power Transfer System Using Conductive Automated Connection Devices

2020-07-02
WIP
J3105
This document covers the general physical, electrical, functional, testing, and performance requirements for conductive power transfer, primarily for vehicles using a conductive ACD connection capable of transferring DC power. It defines conductive power transfer methods, including the infrastructure electrical contact interface, the vehicle connection interface, the electrical characteristics of the DC supply, and the communication system. It also covers the functional and dimensional requirements for the vehicle connection interface and supply equipment interface. There are also sub-documents which are identified by a SAE J3105-1, SAE J3105-2, and SAE J3105-3. These will be specific requirements for a specific interface defined in the sub-document. - SAE J3105: Main document, including most requirements. - SAE J3105-1: Infrastructure-Mounted Cross Rail Connection - SAE J3105-2: Vehicle-Mounted Pantograph Connection - SAE J3105-3: Enclosed Pin and Socket Connection
Standard

Power Quality Requirements for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Chargers

2020-06-08
WIP
J2894/1
The intent of this document is to develop a recommended practice for PEV chargers, whether on-board or off-board the vehicle, that will enable equipment manufacturers, vehicle manufacturers, electric utilities, and others to make reasonable design decisions regarding power quality. The three main purposes are as follows: 1. To identify those parameters of PEV battery charger that must be controlled in order to preserve the quality of the AC service. 2. To identify those characteristics of the AC service that may significantly impact the performance of the charger. 3. To identify those characteristics of the AC service that may significantly impact the performance of the charger. SAE J2894/2 will describe the test methods for the parameters/requirements in this document.
Standard

Electric Vehicle Power Transfer System Using a Three-Phase Capable Coupler

2020-01-25
WIP
J3068

This document covers the general physical, electrical, functional, testing, and performance requirements for conductive power transfer to an Electric Vehicle using a Coupler capable of, but not limited to, transferring three-phase AC power. It defines a conductive power transfer method including the digital communication system. It also covers the functional and dimensional requirements for the Electric Vehicle Inlet, Supply Equipment Connector, and mating housings and contacts. Moveable charging equipment such as a service truck with charging facilities are within scope. Charging while moving (or in-route-charging) is not in scope.

Standard

Electric Vehicle Power Transfer System Using Conductive Automated Connection Devices Enclosed Pin and Socket Connection

2020-01-20
CURRENT
J3105/3_202001
This document details one of the connections of the SAE J3105 document. The connections are referenced in the scope of the main document SAE J3105. SAE J3105/3 details the enclosed pin and sleeve connection. All the common requirements are defined in the main document; the current document provides the details of the connection. This document covers the main safety and interoperability relevant requirements for an electric vehicle power transfer system using a conductive automated charging device based on an enclosed pin and socket design. To allow interoperability for on-road vehicles (in particular, buses and coaches), one configuration is described in this document. Other configurations may be used for non-standard applications (for example, mining trucks or port vehicles).
Standard

Electric Vehicle Power Transfer System Using Conductive Automated Connection Devices Vehicle-Mounted Pantograph (Bus-Up)

2020-01-20
CURRENT
J3105/2_202001
This document details one of the connections of the SAE J3105 document. The connections are referenced in the scope of the main document SAE J3105. SAE J3105/2 details the vehicle-mounted pantograph, or the bus-up connection. All the common requirements are defined in the main document; the current document provides the details of the connection. This document covers the connection interface relevant requirements for an electric vehicle power transfer system using a conductive automated charging device based on a conventional rail vehicle pantograph design. To allow interoperability for on-road vehicles (in particular, buses and coaches), one configuration is described in this document. Other configurations may be used for non-standard applications (for example, mining trucks or port vehicles).
Standard

Electric Vehicle Power Transfer System Using Conductive Automated Connection Devices Infrastructure-Mounted Pantograph (Cross-Rail) Connection

2020-01-20
CURRENT
J3105/1_202001
This document details one of the connections of the SAE J3105 document. The connections are referenced in the scope of the main document SAE J3105. SAE J3105/1 details the infrastructure-mounted pantograph, or cross-rail connection. All the common requirements are defined in the main document; the current document provides the details of the connection. This document covers the connection interface relevant requirements for an electric vehicle power transfer system using a conductive ACD based on a cross-rail design. To allow interoperability for on-road vehicles (in particular, buses and coaches), one configuration is described in this document. Other configurations may be used for non-standard applications (for example, mining trucks or port vehicles).
Standard

Electric Vehicle Power Transfer System Using Conductive Automated Connection Devices

2020-01-20
CURRENT
J3105_202001
This document covers the general physical, electrical, functional, testing, and performance requirements for conductive power transfer, primarily for vehicles using a conductive ACD connection capable of transferring DC power. It defines conductive power transfer methods, including the infrastructure electrical contact interface, the vehicle connection interface, the electrical characteristics of the DC supply, and the communication system. It also covers the functional and dimensional requirements for the vehicle connection interface and supply equipment interface. There are also sub-documents which are identified by a SAE J3105/1, SAE J3105/2, and SAE J3105/3. These will be specific requirements for a specific interface defined in the sub-document. SAE J3105: Main document, including most requirements. ○ SAE J3105/1: Infrastructure-Mounted Cross Rail Connection ○ SAE J3105/2: Vehicle-Mounted Pantograph Connection ○ SAE J3105/3: Enclosed Pin and Socket Connection
Standard

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charge Rate Reporting

2020-01-06
WIP
J2953/4
This document is intended to provide a clear comparison of the best-case, yet realistic, DC charging capabilities of passenger vehicles and PEV Supply Equipment (EVSE) intended for passenger vehicles. A single common test procedure and metric will be established for both vehicles or EVSEs operating without limitations in best case conditions. This document does not attempt to address issues of PEV-EVSE interactions in real-time variations such as extreme temperatures, variable SoCs, and so on.
Standard

Use Cases for Plug-In Vehicle Communication as a Distributed Energy Resource

2020-01-03
WIP
J2836/3
This SAE Information Report establishes use cases for a Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) communicating with an Energy Management System (EMS) as a Distributed Energy Resource (DER) which must be supported by SAE J2847/3. This document also provides guidance for updates to SAE J2847/2 to allow an inverter in an EVSE to use the PEV battery when operating together as either a DER or as a power source for loads which are not connected in parallel with the utility grid. Beyond these two specific communication objectives, this document is also intended to serve as a broad guide to the topic of reverse power flow.
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