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Standard

SAE J1939 Functional Safety Communications Protocol

2022-01-06
WIP
J1939-76
This document provides the technical requirements for implementing the SAE J1939 Functional Safety Communication Protocol in a manner determined suitable for meeting industry applicable functional safety standards.
Standard

Data Link Layer

2021-12-08
WIP
J1939/21
The SAE J1939 documents are intended for light, medium, and heavy-duty vehicles used on or off road, as well as appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g., generator sets). Vehicles of interest include, but are not limited to, on- and off-highway trucks and their trailers, construction equipment, and agricultural equipment and implements. The purpose of these documents is to provide an open interconnect system for electronic systems. It is the intention of these documents to allow Electronic Control Units to communicate with each other by providing a standard architecture. This particular document, SAE J1939-21, describes the data link layer using the Classical Extended Frame Format (CEFF) with 29-bit IDs, as defined in ISO 11898-1, December 2015. For SAE J1939, no alternative data link layers are permitted.
Standard

J1939 Digital Annex

2021-11-23
WIP
J1939DA
This document is intended to supplement the J1939 documents by offering the J1939 information in a form that can be sorted and search for easier use.
Standard

J1939 Digital Annex

2021-10-21
CURRENT
J1939DA_202110
This document is intended to supplement the J1939 documents by offering the J1939 information in a form that can be sorted and search for easier use.
Standard

On-Highway Equipment Control and Communication Network

2021-09-21
CURRENT
J1939/1_202109
SAE J1939-1 specifies the minimum set of SAE J1939 documents that define the Truck and bus control and communications vehicle network as it applies to on-highway equipment. Vehicles covered include all on-highway straight trucks and combination vehicles. A combination vehicle consists of one towing vehicle (tractor) and one or more towed vehicles (trailers and dollies). Dolly axles within the road train are considered to be towed vehicles.
Standard

Data Link Layer

2021-09-01
CURRENT
J1939/21_202109
The SAE J1939 documents are intended for light, medium, and heavy-duty vehicles used on or off road, as well as appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g., generator sets). Vehicles of interest include, but are not limited to, on- and off-highway trucks and their trailers, construction equipment, and agricultural equipment and implements. The purpose of these documents is to provide an open interconnect system for electronic systems. It is the intention of these documents to allow Electronic Control Units to communicate with each other by providing a standard architecture. This particular document, SAE J1939-21, describes the data link layer using the Classical Extended Frame Format (CEFF) with 29-bit IDs, as defined in ISO 11898-1, December 2015. For SAE J1939, no alternative data link layers are permitted.
Standard

Application - Configurable Messaging

2021-08-26
CURRENT
J1939/74_202108
The SAE J1939 documents are intended for light, medium, and heavy-duty vehicles used on or off road as well as appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g. generator sets). Vehicles of interest include, but are not limited to, on- and off-highway trucks and their trailers, construction equipment, and agricultural equipment and implements. The purpose of these documents is to provide an open interconnect system for electronic systems. It is the intention of these documents to allow Electronic Control Units to communicate with each other by providing a standard architecture. This particular document, SAE J1939-74, describes the message structure for a set of messages which enable the user to determine and announce to others on the network, the parameter placement within a particular message from the special set of messages defined within this document.
Standard

Security Recommendations for Interfaces to On-vehicle Networks

2021-08-06
WIP
J1939-91A
This document will provide recommendations to vehicle manufacturers and component suppliers in securing the SAE J1939 network from the cybersecurity risks. It is recognized that not every application of SAE J1939 networks requires the same level of cyber security measures. The implement shall determine what security measures to implement at each level of the vehicle architecture.
Standard

J1939 Digital Annex

2021-08-05
HISTORICAL
J1939DA_202108
This document is intended to supplement the J1939 documents by offering the J1939 information in a form that can be sorted and search for easier use.
Standard

CAN FD Data Link Layer

2021-07-16
CURRENT
J1939-22_202107
The SAE J1939 documents are intended for light-, medium-, and heavy-duty vehicles used on or off road, as well as appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g., generator sets). Vehicles of interest include, but are not limited to, on- and off-highway trucks and their trailers, construction equipment, and agricultural equipment and implements. The purpose of these documents is to provide an open interconnect system for electronic systems. It is the intention of these documents to allow electronic control units to communicate with each other by providing a standard architecture. This particular document, SAE J1939-22, describes the data link layer using the flexible data rate as defined in ISO 11898-1, December 2015. The flexible data rate capability in CAN (commonly called CAN FD) is implemented as a transport layer in order to allow for functional safety, cybersecurity, extended transport capability, and backward compatibility with SAE J1939DA.
Standard

Application Layer - Generator Sets and Industrial

2021-07-15
CURRENT
J1939/75_202107
SAE J1939-75 defines the set of data parameters (SPs) and messages (PGs) for information predominantly associated with monitoring and control generators and driven equipment in electric power generation and industrial applications. The data parameters (SPs) and messages (PGs) previously published within this document are published in SAE J1939DA. Applications using the SAE J1939-75 document must refer to SAE J1939DA for the SAE J1939 parameters and messages for monitoring and controlling the power units, e.g., engines and turbines, that power the generators and driven industrial equipment.
Standard

OBD Traceability Matrix

2021-07-07
WIP
J1939-90
This Information Report is intended to supplement the J1939 documents by offering the application of SAE RP J1939 to OBD data communications in a form that can be sorted and searched for easier use. It is NOT intended as a substitute for the actual regulations and standards documents, and any discrepancies between this document and the published documents must be resolved in favor of the published documents. This spreadsheet outlines elements in ARB OBD II and HD OBD requirements and identifies which J1939 SPNs and messages may be used to satisfy the datastream, readiness, in-use ratio, and test results requirements.
Standard

On-Board Diagnostics Implementation Guide

2021-05-19
CURRENT
J1939/03_202105
SAE J1939-03 provides requirements and guidelines for the implementation of on-board diagnostics (OBD) on heavy-duty vehicles (HDV) using the SAE J1939 family of standards. The guidelines identify where the necessary information to meet OBD regulations may be found among the SAE J1939 document set. Key requirements are identified here to ensure the interoperability of OBD scan tools across individual OBD-compliant vehicles. Market-defined regulations permit the use of SAE J1939 to meet OBD requirements. Implementers are cautioned to obtain and review the specific regulations for the markets where their products are sold. This document is focused on guidelines and requirements to satisfy the State of California Air Resources Board (CARB), the authors of 13 CCR 1971.1, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Euro IV and V requirements from European Commission directives, and UN/ECE WP 29 GRPE WWH OBD Global Technical Regulation (GTR).
Standard

J1939 Digital Annex

2021-03-29
HISTORICAL
J1939DA_202103
This document is intended to supplement the J1939 documents by offering the J1939 information in a form that can be sorted and search for easier use.
Standard

CAN FD Data Link Layer

2021-03-22
HISTORICAL
J1939-22_202103
The SAE J1939 documents are intended for light-, medium-, and heavy-duty vehicles used on or off road, as well as appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g., generator sets). Vehicles of interest include, but are not limited to, on- and off-highway trucks and their trailers, construction equipment, and agricultural equipment and implements. The purpose of these documents is to provide an open interconnect system for electronic systems. It is the intention of these documents to allow electronic control units to communicate with each other by providing a standard architecture. This particular document, SAE J1939-22, describes the data link layer using the flexible data rate as defined in ISO 11898-1, December 2015. The flexible data rate capability in CAN (commonly called CAN FD) is implemented as a transport layer in order to allow for functional safety, cybersecurity, extended transport capability, and backward compatibility with SAE J1939DA.
Standard

Vehicle Application Layer

2021-03-09
WIP
J1939/71
The SAE J1939 communications network is developed for use in heavy-duty environments and suitable for horizontally integrated vehicle industries. The SAE J1939 communications network is applicable for light-duty, medium-duty, and heavy- duty vehicles used on-road or off-road, and for appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g., generator sets). Vehicles of interest include, but are not limited to, on-highway and off-highway trucks and their trailers, construction equipment, and agricultural equipment and implements. SAE J1939-71 is the SAE J1939 reference document for the conventions and notations that specify parameter placement in PGN data fields, the conventions for ASCII parameters, and conventions for PGN transmission rates. This document previously contained the majority of the SAE J1939 data parameters and messages for information exchange between the ECU applications connected to the SAE J1939 communications network.
Standard

Off-Board Diagnostic Connector

2021-02-15
WIP
J1939/13
SAE J1939-13 specifies the diagnostic connectors used for off-board connection to a vehicle’s SAE J1939 communication links. The defined diagnostic connectors support connection to the twisted shielded pair media (SAE J1939-11), the unshielded twisted pair (SAE J1939-15), the twisted pair of (SAE J1939-14), as well as the twisted unshielded quad media (ISO 11783-2).
Standard

Physical Layer, 250 Kbps, Twisted Shielded Pair

2021-02-12
WIP
J1939/11

This document defines a physical layer having a robust immunity to EMI and physical properties suitable for harsh environments.

CAN controllers are available which support the CAN Flexible Data Rate Frame Format. These controllers, when used on SAE J1939-11 networks, must be restricted to use only the Classical Frame Format compliant to ISO 11898-1:2015.

These SAE Recommended Practices are intended for light- and heavy-duty vehicles on- or off-road as well as appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g., generator sets). Vehicles of interest include but are not limited to: on- and off-highway trucks and their trailers; construction equipment; and agricultural equipment and implements.

Standard

Physical Layer, 500 Kbps

2021-02-12
WIP
J1939/14

CAN controllers are now available which support the Flexible Data Rate Frame Format. These controllers, when used on SAE J1939-14 networks, must be restricted to use only the Classical Frame Format compliant to ISO 11898-1:2015.

This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for light- and heavy-duty vehicles on- or off-road as well as appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g., generator sets). Vehicles of interest include but are not limited to: on- and off-highway trucks and their trailers; construction equipment; and agricultural equipment and implements.

Standard

Application Layer - Diagnostics

2021-01-11
WIP
J1939/73
SAE J1939-73 defines the SAE J1939 messages to accomplish diagnostic services and identifies the diagnostic connector to be used for the vehicle service tool interface. Diagnostic messages (DMs) provide the utility needed when the vehicle is being repaired. Diagnostic messages are also used during vehicle operation by the networked electronic control modules to allow them to report diagnostic information and self-compensate as appropriate, based on information received. Diagnostic messages include services such as periodically broadcasting active diagnostic trouble codes, identifying operator diagnostic lamp status, reading or clearing diagnostic trouble codes, reading or writing control module memory, providing a security function, stopping/starting message broadcasts, reporting diagnostic readiness, monitoring engine parametric data, etc. California-, EPA-, or EU-regulated OBD requirements are satisfied with a subset of the specified connector and the defined messages.
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