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Performance Standard for Child Restraint Systems in Transport Category Airplanes

2019-08-07
WIP
AS5276/1A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines minimum performance standards and related qualification criteria for add-on child restraint systems (CRS) which provide protection for small children in passenger seats of transport category airplanes. The AS is not intended to provide design criteria that could be met only by an aircraft-specific CRS. The goal of this standard is to achieve child-occupant protection by specifying a dynamic test method and evaluation criteria for the performance of CRS under emergency landing conditions.
Standard

Gaining Approval for Seats with Integrated Electronics in Accordance with AC21-49 Option 7b

2019-08-07
CURRENT
AIR6448A
The primary purpose of this document is to provide roles, responsibilities and accountabilities to meet AC 21-49 Section 7.b ‘Type Certification using TSO-approved seat with electronic components defined in TSO design’. This document may be applied to all applicable seat TSOs (C39(), C127()…etc). The approval for the integration of the electronics will fall, in part or in full, under the type design authority of the Seat Installer rather than the Seat Supplier shipping the integrated seat. The defined responsibilities, areas of authority and accountability of each party, as well as necessary communication protocols, must ensure configuration management, design control and quality control. These definitions, controls and protocols are agreed (thru normal commerical agreements and binding contracts) and adhered to by all parties ensuring all parts in the supply chain remain approved (e.g. certified and conformed).
Standard

Magnesium Alloys in Aircraft Seats - Developments in Magnesium Alloy Flammability Testing

2019-06-19
WIP
AIR6160A
This document provides informational background, rationale and a technical case to allow consideration of the removal of the magnesium alloy restriction in aircraft seat construction as contained in AS8049B. The foundation of this argument is flammability characterization work performed by the FAA at the William J. Hughes Technical Center (FAATC), Fire Safety Branch in Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA. The rationale and detailed testing results are presented along with flammability reports that have concluded that the use of specific types of magnesium alloys in aircraft seat construction does not increase the hazard level potential in the passenger cabin in a post-crash fire scenario. Further, the FAA has developed a lab scale test method, reference DOT/FAA/TC-13/52, to be used as a certification test, or method of compliance (MOC) to allow acceptability of the use of magnesium in the governing TSO-C127 and TSO-C39C.
Standard

Magnesium Alloys in Aircraft Seats - Engineering Design and Fabrication Recommended Practices

2019-06-19
WIP
ARP6256A
This document is a guide to the application of magnesium alloys to aircraft interior components including but not limited to aircraft seats. It provides background information on magnesium, its alloys and readily available forms such as extrusions and plate. It also contains guidelines for “enabling technologies” for the application of magnesium to engineering solutions including: machining, joining, forming, cutting, surface treatment, flammability issues, and designing from aluminum to magnesium.
Standard

Restraint Systems for Civil Aircraft

2019-04-30
WIP
AS8043C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies laboratory test procedures and minimum requirements for the manufacturer of restraint systems for use in civil aircraft. It is intended to establish a minimum level of quality which can be called upon by the designer of those systems. However, compliance with this standard alone may not assure adequate performance of the restraint system under normal and emergency conditions. Such performance requires consideration of factors beyond the scope of this standard, and must be demonstrated by a system evaluation procedure which includes the seat, the occupant, the specific restraint installation and the cabin interior configuration. This standard specifies the requirements for Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3 restraint systems. Buckles that release automatically or through any means other than the direct action of the fingers or thumb on the buckle are beyond the scope of this standard.
Standard

Aircraft Seat Design Guidance and Clarifications

2019-03-04
WIP
ARP5526F
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) documents a common understanding of terms, compliance issues, and design criteria to facilitate certification of seat installations specific to Part 25 aircraft. This ARP provides general guidance for seats to be installed in Part 23 aircraft and Parts 27 and 29 rotorcraft and does not specify specific designs or design methods for such certification.
Standard

Impact Characteristics of Seat Back Mounted IFE Monitors - Basis for ARP6330

2018-09-13
CURRENT
AIR6908
This document provides background information, rationale, and data (both physical testing and computer simulations) used in defining the component test methods and similarity criteria described in SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 6330. ARP6330 defines multiple test methods uses to assess the effect of seat back mounted IFE monitor changes on blunt trauma to the head and post-impact sharp edge generation. The data generated is based on seat and IFE components installed on type A-T (transport airplane) certified aircraft. While not within the scope of ARP6330, generated test data for the possible future development of surrogate target evaluation methods is also included.
Standard

Methods to Evaluate Impact Characteristics of Seat Back Mounted IFE Monitors

2018-09-13
CURRENT
ARP6330
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines means to assess the effect of changes to seat back mounted IFE monitors on blunt trauma to the head and post-impact sharp edges. The assessment methods described may be used for evaluation of changes to seat back monitor delethalization (blunt trauma and post-test sharp edges) and head injury criterion (HIC) attributes (refer to ARP6448 Appendix A Items 3 and 6, respectively). Application is focused on type A-T (transport airplane) certified seat installations.
Standard

Aircraft Seat Design Guidance and Clarifications

2018-08-23
CURRENT
ARP5526E
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) documents a common understanding of terms, compliance issues, and design criteria to facilitate certification of seat installations specific to Part 25 aircraft. This ARP provides general guidance for seats to be installed in Part 23 aircraft and Parts 27 and 29 rotorcraft and does not specify specific designs or design methods for such certification.
Standard

Modification or Replacement of Components on Dynamically Certified Seat Systems

2018-02-06
CURRENT
ARP5497A
This document outlines the engineering evaluation appropriate for modifying or replacing components of a previously certified seat when the certification process is based on qualification to the requirements of AS8049, which includes dynamic testing. The engineering evaluation presented in this document may be used to determine if a modification (including replacement of a component) is a minor change with respect to meeting the dynamic testing requirements described in AS8049. Whenever a modification is considered, the ability to meet all requirements of the applicable Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) must be verified. For example, this would include the capability to meet requirements such as flammability and flotation. Analysis and/or test data supporting the ability of the new materials and/or configuration to meet the applicable requirements must be submitted with the change documentation.
Standard

Gaining Approval for Seats with Integrated Electronics in Accordance with AC21-49 Section 7.b

2017-10-16
WIP
ARP6448A
This document provides an industry-recommended framework for establishing agreements to ensure that seats with integrated electronic components (e.g., actuation system, reading light, inflatable restraint, IFE, etc.) meet the seat TSO Minimum Performance Standard. These agreements will allow Seat Suppliers to build and ship completed, integrated and approved seat assemblies under TSOA with electronics included. The document presents the roles, responsibilities and accontibilities of the Electronics Manufacturer, the Seat Supplier, and the Seat Installer/Electronics Activator in the context of AC 21-49 Section 7.b ‘ Type Certification using TSO-approved seat with electronic components defined in TSO design’. This document applies to all FAA seat TSOs (C39(), C127()…etc).
Standard

Definition of serious injury due to sharp edge formation inflicted on an occupant (passenger) following an emergency landing.

2017-10-02
WIP
ARP6963
Define an objective criteria for serious injury inflicted on an occupant (passenger) following an emergency landing (CFR 25.561/25.562). The document herein is limited to evaluation of the CFR 25.785 (b) & (d), which encompasses the potential sharp edge formation caused by the test dummy’s head striking the seat and/or other structures (shroud, monitor, handset, glass from monitor, etc).
Standard

Performance Standard for Seat Surrounding Furniture in Transport Aircraft

2017-09-19
WIP
AS6960
Seat surrounding furniture (commonly known as shells) is intended to enhance passenger comfort and privacy. They can offer additional space for reclining the seat into a bed position, additional stowage, amenities, etc. Often some amenities are located on the furniture including the front row monument installed in front of the passenger seat. The units normally attach to the same aircraft floor tracks directly in front or behind passenger seat(s) or to the seat primary structure. The unit structures are not directly integrated into the main fuselage and do not offer main supports for aircraft integrity. This Aerospace Standard (AS) establishes the minimum design, performance and qualification requirements for Seat Surrounding Furniture to be certified for installation in transport category airplanes.
Standard

Performance Standards for Oblique Facing Passenger Seats in Transport Aircraft

2017-06-28
CURRENT
AS6316
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) documents a common understanding of terms, compliance issues, and occupant injury criteria to facilitate the design and certification of oblique facing passenger seat installations specific to Part 25 aircraft. The applicability of the criteria listed in this current release is limited to seats with an occupant facing direction greater than 18° and no greater than 45° relative to the aircraft longitudinal axis. Seats installed at angles greater than 30° relative to the aircraft longitudinal axis must have an energy absorbing rest or shoulder harness and must satisfy the criteria listed in Table 2. Later revisions are intended to provide criteria for other facing directions. Performance criteria for forward and aft facing seats are provided in AS8049 and for side facing seats in AS8049/1.
Standard

Method to Evaluate Aircraft Passenger Seats for the Test Requirements of 14 CFR Part 25 Appendix F, Parts IV and V

2017-02-03
WIP
ARP6199B

This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is only applicable to 14 CFR part 25 Transport Airplane passenger seats. This document provides an approach for determining which parts on aircraft seats are required to meet the test requirements of 14 CFR part 25 Appendix F, Parts IV and V. Such materials are referred to as Heat Release Special Conditions (HRSC) compliant]. Additionally, it is recommended to use HRSC compliant materials in applications where not required.

Independent furniture related to seat installations is outside the scope of this document.

Standard

Method to Evaluate Aircraft Passenger Seats for the Test Requirements of 14 CFR Part 25 Appendix F, Parts IV and V

2017-02-02
CURRENT
ARP6199A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is only applicable to 14 CFR part 25 Transport Airplane passenger seats. This document provides an approach for determining which parts on aircraft seats are required to meet the test requirements of 14 CFR part 25 Appendix F, Parts IV and V. Such materials are referred to as Heat Release Special Conditions (HRSC) compliant]. Additionally, it is recommended to use HRSC compliant materials in applications where not required. Independent furniture related to seat installations is outside the scope of this document.
Standard

Analytical Methods for Aircraft Seat Design and Evaluation

2017-01-12
WIP
ARP5765B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines a means of assessing the credibility of computer models of aircraft seating systems used to simulate dynamic impact conditions set forth in Federal Regulations §14 CFR Part 23.562, 25.562, 27.562, and 29.562. The ARP is applicable to lumped mass and detailed finite element seat models. This includes specifications and performance criteria for aviation specific virtual anthropomorphic test devices (v-ATDs). A methodology to evaluate the degree of correlation between a seat model and dynamic impact tests is recommended. This ARP also provides testing and modeling best practices specific to support the implementation of analytical models of aircraft seat systems. Supporting information within this document includes procedures for the quantitative comparison of test and simulation results, as well as test reports for data generated to support the development of v-ATDs and a sample v-ATD calibration report.
Standard

Performance Standard for Seats in Civil Rotorcraft, Transport Aircraft, and General Aviation Aircraft

2016-12-28
WIP
AS8049D

This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines minimum performance standards, qualification requirements, and minimum documentation requirements for passenger and crew seats in civil rotorcraft, transport aircraft, and general aviation aircraft. The goal is to achieve comfort, durability, and occupant protection under normal operational loads and to define test and evaluation criteria to demonstrate occupant protection when a seat/occupant/restraint system is subjected to statically applied ultimate loads and to dynamic impact test conditions set forth in the applicable Federal Regulations 14 CFR 23, 25, 27, or 29.

Guidance for test procedures, measurements, equipment, and interpretation of results is also presented to promote uniform techniques and to achieve acceptable data.

While this document addresses system performance, responsibility for the seating system is divided between the seat supplier and the installation applicant.

Standard

Performance Standards for Side-Facing Seats in Civil Rotorcraft, Transport Aircraft, and General Aviation Aircraft

2016-12-13
CURRENT
AS8049/1B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines Minimum Performance Standards (MPS), qualification requirements, and minimum documentation requirements for side-facing seats in civil rotorcraft, transport aircraft, and general aviation aircraft. The goal is to achieve comfort, durability, and occupant protection under normal operational loads and to define test and evaluation criteria to demonstrate occupant protection when a side-facing seat/occupant/restraint system is subjected to statically applied ultimate loads and to dynamic test conditions set forth in Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 23, 25, 27, or 29. While this document addresses system performance, responsibility for the seating system is divided between the seat supplier and the installation applicant. The seat supplier’s responsibility consists of meeting all the seat system performance requirements and obtaining and supplying to the installation applicant all the data prescribed by this document.
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