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Test Method for Aerospace Firewall Sealant Flame Penetration

This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) describes the procedures for the flammability testing of aircraft firewall sealants in accordance with the requirements of FAR Part 25 Sections 25.865, 25.867, 25.1191, and 25.1193. This test method is intended to determine the capability of sealant materials to control the passage of and effects from fire.

Aerospace Standard Test Methods for Aerospace Sealants Two-Component Synthetic Rubber Compounds

This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) describes test methods to determine the application and performance properties of two-component sealing compounds. It shall be used in conjunction with AS5127 and the applicable material specification. When modifications to these test methods are called out in material specifications, the material specification shall take precedence.

Isolation and Corrosion Protection of Dissimilar Materials, Carbon Composite Structure Repair

This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides methods and guidelines for isolating dissimilar repair patch materials from carbon composite structure during a repair operation. These procedures are applicable to any repair procedure for carbon fiber reinforced plastic parts in which the repair patch is a metallic alloy that can form a galvanic cell with carbon in the presence of moisture or other electrolytes. The principal patch materials addressed are aluminum, titanium, and stainless steel. The procedures are primarily concerned with bolted repairs that introduce the most severe, potential corrosion problem but bonded repairs are also considered. The procedures are also applicable to repairs involving reinstallation of metallic inserts into a carbon fiber reinforced plastic part. Fiberglass and aramid fiber reinforced plastics do not have galvanic reactions with other materials, and the procedures outlined herein are, therefore, not essential with these materials.

Jet Reference Fluid Study for Fuel Tank Sealants

Standard reference fluids, or test fluids, have long been used to evaluate the effects of hydrocarbon fuels on various materials, such as integral fuel tank sealants. Standard fluids are required because hydrocarbon fuels, such as JP-4, vary widely in composition depending on crude source, refining techniques, and other factors. To ensure reliable and reproducible results when determining the fuel resistance of materials, reference fluids of known composition, using worst case fuel compositions, are used. The current Jet Reference Fluid (JRF) called out in military sealant specifications was developed in the mid-1950s specifically as a JP-4 type test fluid formulation to be used for the accelerated laboratory testing of integral fuel tank sealants. In August 1978, chalking of the polysulfide sealant in integral fuel tanks of some new aircraft at Edwards Air Force Base in California was discovered after only 1 year of service.

Fluid, Jet Reference

This specification covers a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons and soluble additives.

Sealing of Integral Fuel Tanks

This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents preferred design, assembly, and repair practices for sealing of aircraft integral fuel tanks, including rework of applied fuel tank seals. It addresses engineering designs for integral fuel tanks as they are currently found in practice; and discusses the most practical and conservative methods for producing a reliable, sealed system. Although this AIR presents practices for sealing of integral fuel tanks, the practices presented within this report are practices that are carried throughout sealing that include both pressure and environmental aircraft sealing. Design preferences for optimum sealing are not within the scope of this document. Such discussions can be found in the United States Air Force (USAF) sponsored report, entitled Aircraft Integral Fuel Tank Design Handbook, AFWAL-TR-87-3078.