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Air Cargo Unit Load Devices – Testing Methods

2022-06-27
WIP
AS36102C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies the testing methods to be used to substantiate performance of air cargo containers, pallets and nets (Unit Load Devices) for airworthiness approval in accordance with NAS 3610 or AS36100.
Standard

Wide-Body and Standard-Body Aircraft Lower Deck Cargo Compartment ULD Capacities

2022-05-04
CURRENT
AIR1869D
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers information relative to ULDs (Unit Load Devices) container and pallet configurations, maximum usable container, pallet and bulk compartment volumes and tare weights for the lower deck of various wide-body aircraft. Bulk compartment volumes are also included for standard-body aircraft.
Standard

Air Cargo Unit Load Devices - Reference Documents

2022-04-26
WIP
AIR36105C
The present SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides a list of the main government regulations, SAE and international standards, and standing industry recommendations applying to air cargo unit load devices (pallets, nets, and containers) to be loaded with either baggage or freight on board civil transport aircraft. It is intended to provide unit load devices designers, purchasers, and operators as well as civil transport aircraft and aircraft cargo systems designers within the industry with a list of the available document references to cover the other aspects that do not all directly pertain to airworthiness and testing, listed in 1.1 of AS36100, – Air Cargo Unit Load Devices - Performance Requirements and Test Parameters [TSO-C90].
Standard

Fire Containment Cover - Design, Performance, and Testing Requirements

2021-12-13
CURRENT
AS6453A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies the minimum design and performance criteria and testing methods of fire containment covers (FCCs) used either: a In those cargo compartments of civil transport aircraft where they constitute one means of complying with applicable airworthiness regulations, or b On a voluntary basis, when deemed appropriate by operators to improve fire protection in aircraft cargo compartments where airworthiness regulations do not mandate their use.
Standard

Aircraft Engine Transport Devices

2020-11-30
CURRENT
ARP1840B
The tests are static in nature to minimize complexity and cost of required testing facilities. As far as practical, applied static loads should take into account the combined static and dynamic loads anticipated in service.
Standard

Vehicle Transport Unit Load Device (ULD)

2020-11-30
CURRENT
ARP1554D
The tests are static in nature to minimize complexity and cost of required testing facilities. As far as practical, applied static loads should take into account the combined static and dynamic loads anticipated in service. It is intended that tests shall be non-destructive in nature and not result in damage unless ultimate load conditions are employed. Test equipment and methods of testing described are not meant to be restrictive. Alternate equivalent methods to accomplish the desired results may be employed. In selected cases, tests may be repeated under ultimate load conditions when required for substantiation of analytical data. If this becomes necessary, the parts deformed may be removed and replaced prior to the retest.
Standard

Aircraft Cargo Door Opening/Sill Details for Ground Support Equipment Interface

2020-11-23
CURRENT
AIR1673B
Manufacturers/designers of all aircraft equipped with a pallet/container capability have provided a means of linking the ground loaders/elevators with the aircraft sill for the smoother transfer of pallets and containers into or out of the aircraft holds. Use of the aircraft attachment points may be used as a means of averting damage to the aircraft door frames and other important parts. Latch-on guarantees fore and aft and vertical alignment of the loader bed with the aircraft doorway, when used in conjunction with the appropriate ground equipment. This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been prepared by SAE Subcommittee AGE-2A to present a review of the current range of aircraft attachment points on wide body aircraft and those narrow body aircraft with a ULD cargo capability. Airline operators, who utilized these facilities, have been faced with a growing number of adaptor bars necessary to suit each type of aircraft and door position.
Standard

Fire Resistant Container Design, Performance, and Testing Requirements

2020-10-27
CURRENT
AS8992
This Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies the minimum design and performance criteria and testing methods of passive fire resistant containers (FRCs) used either: a In those cargo compartments of civil transport aircraft where they constitute one means of complying with applicable airworthiness regulations, or b On a voluntary basis, when deemed appropriate by operators to improve fire protection in aircraft cargo compartments where airworthiness regulations do not mandate their use.
Standard

Air Cargo Unit Load Devices - Performance Requirements and Test Parameters

2020-09-29
CURRENT
AS36100C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines the minimum performance requirements and test parameters for air cargo unit load devices requiring approval of airworthiness for installation in an approved aircraft cargo compartment and restraint system that complies with the cargo restraint requirements of Title 14 CFR Part 25, except for the 9.0-g forward ultimate inertia force of § 25.561 (b)(3)(ii).
Standard

Fire Containment Cover - Operation and Use

2020-04-23
CURRENT
ARP6905
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides guidelines for the effective operation and use of fire containment covers (FCCs). Technical Standard Orders (TSOs) C203 and C90e (and later revisions) incorporate AS6453, and provide the Minimum Performance Standards (MPS) for an FCC design. The net and pallet used with the FCC must be approved using the updated net and flammability requirements in TSO C90e and later revisions. However, fire containment performance also requires this equipment is properly used. Fire safety is compromised when FCCs are used in an inadequate manner.
Standard

General Requirements for Powered Drive Units (PDUs) in Aircraft Cargo Systems

2019-10-02
CURRENT
AIR4165B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is intended to assist the user (aircraft manufacturer/airline) in the following areas: a In the decision of whether or not to plan for the installation of a powered drive system in the cargo loading system (CLS) during the definition of the aircraft on-board cargo loading system. b If a powered drive system is decided upon, to provide general requirements to be considered during the preparation of component specifications for the powered drive units (PDUs) to be used. This provides a selection of criteria in order to obtain an optimum PDU for the application considered.
Standard

Environmental Degradation of Textiles

2019-04-24
CURRENT
AIR1490C
Since cargo restraint devices made with textiles should have a predictable service life, there should be data available so that predictions can be made. This document compiles available information on textiles of the types used in air cargo restraint devices and reviews the degradation characteristics of each. Textiles are used primarily in cargo restraint nets on air cargo pallets and nonstructural containers, restraint nets installed in cargo aircraft, and similar applications.
Standard

Air Cargo Pallets - Utilization Guidelines

2019-04-01
CURRENT
ARP5486
Air cargo pallets and their cargo restraint nets constitute aircraft Unit Load Devices, defined by industry standards and airworthiness certified based on Technical Standard Order (TSO) C90c in accordance with the requirements of NAS 3610. This guarantees their design to be intrinsically safe for flight on board compatible aircraft types. However, actual flight safety also requires these certified pieces of equipment to be properly used: numerous occurrences have demonstrated a certified ULD can nevertheless jeopardize flight safety if loaded or restrained in an inadequate manner.
Standard

General Requirements for Noncertified Cargo/Baggage Containers

2018-10-18
CURRENT
AS1677D
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers the design, fabrication, performance and operational testing requirements for lower deck containers for use in main line aircraft which do not require airworthiness certification when loaded under the conditions of compartment restraint and in accordance with the aircraft's Weight and Balance Manual and/or, where applicable according to the aircraft type's approved Weight and Balance Manual, AS36100A or NAS 3610 equivalent base plate restraint for these containers. Most sizes of containers covered by this document (base sizes K, L, P, and Q) cannot physically be loaded and latched on aircraft main deck cargo systems. Base size A and M containers can, but are not allowed on aircraft main decks, which do not accept non-certified units. Accordingly, all containers covered by this document are to be used/installed exclusively in aircraft lower deck compartments.
Standard

Air Cargo Unit Load Devices - Use of Airworthiness Reference Documents

2018-10-18
CURRENT
AIR36106A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides instructions for intended proper use of Aerospace Standard AS36100A, published 2006-04 [TSO pending], as the technical reference for airworthiness approval of air cargo unit load devices (pallets, nets and containers) to be loaded on board civil transport aircraft. For consistency and cross-checking purposes, it also includes instructions for proper use of previous NAS 3610 [Revision 10, 1990, referenced in TSO C90c], as commonly understood by the industry.
Standard

Air Cargo Pallets and Nets Compatibility

2018-10-18
CURRENT
ARP36104A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides the criteria to be applied in order to determine compatibility with each other of an air cargo pallet and air cargo pallet net airworthiness approved under either NAS 3610 [TSO C90c] or AS36100A [TSO pending] performance and testing requirements.
Standard

Aircraft On Board Weight and Balance System Requirements

2018-10-18
CURRENT
ARP1409C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) establishes requirements for the function, characteristics, and installation of an aircraft On Board Weight and Balance System (OBWBS) for use on civil transport aircraft. This document is not intended to specify design methods, mechanisms, or material to accomplish the requirements set forth.
Standard

Certified Containers for Lower Deck Compartments

2018-10-18
CURRENT
AS5896
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers the design, fabrication, performance, and testing requirements for general-purpose, base-restrained, containers requiring airworthiness approval for installation/use in aircraft lower deck compartments. See 10.1 and 10.2.
Standard

Air and Air/Surface (Platform) Cargo Pallet Nets

2018-10-18
CURRENT
AS1131C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides dimensional, structural and environmental requirements for pallet nets to be used in conjunction with 2.44 m (8 ft) wide pallets described in AS1130. The pallet/net combination are used in freighter versions of certificated aircraft equipped to provide restraint to pallets tested to the requirements of NAS 3610 Class II restraint system. The minimum essential criteria are identified by use of the key word "shall". Recommended criteria are identified by use of the key word "should", and while not mandatory, are considered to be primary importance in providing serviceable, economical, and practical air transport pallet nets. Deviation from recommended criteria should occur only after careful consideration, extensive testing, and thorough service evaluation have shown alternate methods to be satisfactory.
Standard

Environmental Degradation of Composite Materials

2018-10-18
CURRENT
ARP6287
In accordance with § 4.11 of AS36100, materials used in the construction of pallets, nets, and containers shall take into account the effects of environmental conditions, such as temperature, humidity, and UV degradation, expected in service. In accordance with (E)TSO-C90, the applicant shall consider environmental degradation due to aging, ultra-violet (UV) exposure, weathering, etc., for any materials used in the construction of pallets, nets, and containers. The purpose of this Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is to provide guidelines for the basic requirements to be considered regarding environmental degradation effects when qualifying composite materials in the design to fulfill the (E)TSO-C90 Minimum Performance Standard. Material qualification is the verifying of a materials attributes and characterizations, which are typically determined through testing.
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