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Aerospace Vehicle Wiring, Lessons Learned

This AIR is limited to the requirements of AS50881 and examines these requirements, providing rationale behind them. AS50881 is only applicable to the aircraft EWIS. Pods and other devices that can be attached to an aircraft are considered as part of the aircraft equipment design. Its scope does not include wiring inside of airborne electronic equipment but does apply to wiring externally attached to such equipment. The AS50881 scope does not include attached devices but does include the interface between the pod/equipment and aircraft wiring. Section 3.3.5 addresses components such as antennas and other similar equipment that were once supplied as Government Furnished Aeronautical/Aerospace Equipment (GFAE).

Wiring Aerospace Vehicle

This specification covers all aspects in Electrical Wiring Interconnection Systems (EWIS) from the selection through installation of wiring and wiring devices and optical cabling and termination devices used in aerospace vehicles. Aerospace vehicles include manned and unmanned airplanes, helicopters, lighter-than-air vehicles, missiles, and external pods.

EWIS Wiring Insulation Breakdown Testing

This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) identifies the minimum requirements for the testing of insulated electrical wiring for on-aircraft, aeronautical and aerospace applications. The testing requirements defined herein, ensure that a wire fault can be found safely when using a high potential voltage tester (hipot). This test is intended to aid in finding a breach in the wire insulation, and not for the identification of the resistance of the insulation. The test method defined herein is limited to equipment which ia able to control and limit the DC output to 1500 VDC maximum. This type of wire dielectric tester is typically designed to trip on current leakage and not necessarily on arc detection. This test method is solely designed to identify gross/large wire insulation damage or degradation. For additional related information on this topic and related test methods, refer to the documents cited in Section 2.

Ultraviolet (UV) Laser Marking Performance of Aerospace Wire Constructions

The purpose of this report is to provide information on the results of ultraviolet (UV) laser marking and mark contrast measurement of a wide range of aerospace wire and cable constructions, the specifications for most of which do not state specific requirements for laser markability. The contents of this document are for information and guidance only. It is not intended that it be used as the basis for marking process specifications or standards, which are covered by AS5649.

Development, Verification, and Validation of a Thermal Model for Determining Current Derating Design Limits of Aerospace Wires and Wire Bundles

The thermal modeling guidelines and best practices provided in this document are applicable to powered aerospace vehicle wires and wire bundles in thermal environments ranging from -65 to +260 °C (-85 to +500 °F) and pressures ranging from sea level to space vacuum. Currently the ARP only considers steady state and direct current conditions. The effects of wiring terminations and connectors are not addressed. Both can significantly impact the overall current derating and safety margins for a wiring system.