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Standard

Aircraft Brake Temperature Monitoring

2021-10-28
CURRENT
ARP6812
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides recommendations for the function, design, construction, and testing of an on-aircraft Brake Temperature Monitoring System (BTMS), sometimes referred to as a Brake Temperature Indication System (BTIS). NOTE: This ARP does not address: Cockpit ergonomics and Aircraft operating procedures. Various handheld methods of temperature sensing or readouts, as these are not associated with transport aircraft during normal operation. Temperature sensitive paints as a means to indicate exceedance of a landing gear axle temperature threshold due to brake temperature.
Standard

Minimum Environmental Performance Standard for Parts 23, 25, 27, and 29 Aircraft Wheels Brakes, and Wheel and Brake Assemblies

2021-04-27
WIP
AS6961
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) prescribes the Minimum Performance Standards (MPS) for environmental conditions that wheel, brake, and wheel and brake assemblies to be used on aircraft certificated under 14 CFR Parts 23, 25, 27, and 29. The environmental requirements in this document shall be used in conjunction with other MPS defined in Technical Standard Orders for the applicable equipment.
Standard

Thermal Sensitive Inflation Pressure Release Devices for Tubeless Aircraft Wheels

2020-11-25
WIP
AS707D
The focus of this SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) is the integration of thermally actuated pressure release devices, hereafter referred to as fuse plugs, with the wheel and brake assembly. It does not address the manufacturing, quality or acceptance test requirements pertaining to the production of these fuse plugs. It establishes minimum design, installation, qualification, and operational requirements for fuse plugs which are used only in tubeless tire type aircraft braked wheels. Fuse plugs are designed to completely release the contained inflation pressure from a tubeless tire and wheel assembly when brake generated heat causes the tire or wheel to exceed a safe temperature level. The objective is to prevent tire or wheel rupture due to brake generated heat that could cause an unsafe condition for personnel or the aircraft. (Reference: U.S. Department of Transportation FAA Advisory Circular No. 23-17C; Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) Part 25.735 (j); U.S.
Standard

Valve, Inflation, Aircraft Wheel

2019-11-14
CURRENT
AS6817
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines the configuration of aircraft wheel inflation valve assemblies, including required tolerances, materials, and appropriate finishes.
Standard

Design and Testing of Antiskid Brake Control Systems for Total Aircraft Compatibility

2019-07-22
CURRENT
ARP1070E
This document outlines the development process and makes recommendations for total antiskid/aircraft systems compatibility. These recommendations encompass all aircraft systems that may affect antiskid brake control and performance. It focuses on recommended practices specific to antiskid and its integration with the aircraft, as opposed to more generic practices recommended for all aircraft systems and components. It defers to the documents listed in Section 2 for generic aerospace best practices and requirements. The documents listed below are the major drivers in antiskid/aircraft integration: 1 ARP4754 2 ARP4761 3 RTCA DO-178 4 RTCA DO-254 5 RTCA DO-160 6 ARP490 7 ARP1383 8 ARP1598 In addition, it covers design and operational goals, general theory, and functions, which should be considered by the aircraft brake system engineer to attain the most effective skid control performance, as well as methods of determining and evaluating antiskid system performance.
Standard

Overpressurization Release Devices

2018-06-21
CURRENT
ARP1322C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) specifies the minimum design and qualification test recommendations for aircraft wheel overpressurization release devices used with tubeless aircraft tires to protect from possible explosive failure of the contained inflation chamber due to overinflation. Devices of this type provide a means, but not the only means, for showing compliance to Subsection 25.731(d) of Part 25 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Devices of this type will not protect against flash fire explosive conditions within the inflation chamber which may occur due to extremely overheated brakes or spontaneous combustion caused by a foreign substance within the inflation chamber. To help protect against this condition, nitrogen (N2) or other inert gas should be used for inflation.
Standard

Sizing of Emergency Braking Systems

2018-04-18
WIP
ARP6952
The pupose of this SAE AIR is to provide guidelines for sizing stored energy systems in use in emergency braking systems, in light of their intended purpose and applicable certification regulations.
Standard

Replacement and Modified Brakes and Wheels

2016-10-21
CURRENT
ARP1619B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines recommended planning and substantiation procedures and associated reviewing and approval processes to confirm that proposed changes do not compromise the demonstrated safety of the originally certified aircraft, and performance and aircraft compatibility are appropriately addressed in aircraft documentation. Successful demonstration also requires that failure modes be identified and mitigation provided for each. These procedures apply to modifications made by the original component or assembly supplier as well as approval of an alternate supplier.
Standard

Aircraft Brake Temperature Monitor Systems (BTMS)

2016-09-14
CURRENT
AS1145C
This specification covers minimum requirements for brake temperature monitoring equipment whenever used on any type and model of civil aircraft. It shall be the responsibility of the purchaser to determine the compatibility of these requirements with the application aircraft and to specify requirements in excess of these minimums as necessary.
Standard

Compilation of Freezing Brake Experience and Potential Designs and Operating Procedures to Prevent Its Occurrence

2016-05-24
CURRENT
AIR4762A
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes conditions under which freezing (frozen) brakes can occur and describes operating procedures which have been used to prevent or lessen the severity or probability of brake freezing. This document also identifies design features that some manufacturers implement to minimize the occurrence of freezing brakes. This document is not an Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) and therefore does not make recommendations based on a consensus of the industry. However, part of this document’s purpose is to describe the design and operational practices that some are using to minimize the risk of frozen brakes. NOTE: The following information is based upon experience gained across a wide-range of aircraft types and operational profiles, and should NOT take precedence over Aircraft Flight Manual or Flight Operations Procedures.
Standard

Carbon Brake Contamination and Oxidation

2016-04-12
CURRENT
AIR5490A
This document provides information on contamination and its effects on brakes having carbon-carbon composite friction materials (carbon). Carbon is hygroscopic and porous, and therefore readily absorbs liquids and contaminants. Some of the contaminants can impact intended performance of the brake. This document is intended to raise awareness of the effects of carbon brake contamination and provide information on industry practices for its prevention. Although not addressed in this report, contaminants can cause problems with other landing system components including tires.
Standard

Automatic Braking Systems

2016-01-25
CURRENT
ARP1907C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) covers the functional, design, construction, and test requirements for Automatic Braking Systems. Installation information and lessons learned are also included.
Standard

Information on Parking Brake Systems

2015-07-17
CURRENT
AIR6441
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information on the parking brake system design for a variety of aircraft including part 23, 25, 27, and 29. The document includes a discussion of key technical issues with parking brakes. This document does NOT provide recommended practices for parking brake system design.
Standard

Design and Testing of Antiskid Brake Control Systems for Total Aircraft Compatibility

2014-11-11
HISTORICAL
ARP1070D
This document outlines the development process and makes recommendations for total antiskid/aircraft systems compatibility. These recommendations encompass all aircraft systems that may affect antiskid brake control. It focuses on recommended practices specific to antiskid and its integration with the aircraft as opposed to more generic practices recommended for all aircraft systems and components. It defers to the documents listed in Section 2, for generic aerospace best practices and requirements.
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