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Technical Paper

Fidelity Enhancement of Power-Split Hybrid Vehicle HIL (Hardware-in-the-Loop) Simulation by Integration with High Voltage Traction Battery Subsystem

Abstract Due to the increasing concerns on energy and environmental issues, the automotive industry has seen increased growth and development of electric and electrified vehicles [1]. The power-split design is one of the most common drivetrain configurations of a hybrid or electrified vehicle. The propulsion system of a power-split hybrid vehicle typically comprises of an engine drive system in which the engine, drivetrain and generator are mechanically coupled on a planetary gear set driveline while the electric drive system consists of a high voltage battery and a traction motor [2]. In recent years, Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulation has become an increasingly common approach for controls rapid prototyping and validation as part of the automotive product development cycle [2, 3].
Technical Paper

Powertrain and Chassis Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) Simulation of Autonomous Vehicle Platform

The automotive industry is heading towards the path of autonomy with the development of autonomous vehicles. An autonomous vehicle consists of two main components. The first is the software which is responsible for the decision-making capabilities of the system. The second is the hardware which encompasses all aspects of the physical vehicle which are responsible for vehicle motion such as the engine, brakes and steering subsystems along with their corresponding controls. This component forms the basis of the autonomous vehicle platform. For SAE Level 4 autonomous vehicles, where an automated driving system is responsible for all the dynamics driving tasks including the fallback driving performance in case of system faults, redundant mechanical systems and controls are required as part of the autonomous vehicle platform since the driver is completely out of the loop with respect to driving.
Technical Paper

Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) Implementation and Validation of SAE Level 2 Autonomous Vehicle with Subsystem Fault Tolerant Fallback Performance for Takeover Scenarios

The advancement towards development of autonomy follows either the bottom-up approach of gradually improving and expanding existing Advanced Driver Assist Systems (ADAS) technology where the driver is present in the control loop or the top-down approach of directly developing Autonomous Vehicles (AV) hardware and software using alternative approaches without the driver present in the control loop. Most ADAS systems today fall under the classification of SAE Level 1 which is also referred to as the driver assistance level. The progression from SAE Level 1 to SAE Level 2 or partial automation involves the critical task of merging autonomous lateral control and autonomous longitudinal control such that the tasks of steering and acceleration/deceleration are not required to be handled by the driver under certain conditions [1].
Technical Paper

Real-Time Implementation and Validation for Automated Path Following Lateral Control Using Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) Simulation

Software for autonomous vehicles is highly complex and requires vast amount of vehicle testing to achieve a certain level of confidence in safety, quality and reliability. According to the RAND Corporation, a 100 vehicle fleet running 24 hours a day 365 days a year at a speed of 40 km/hr, would require 17 billion driven kilometers of testing and take 518 years to fully validate the software with 95% confidence such that its failure rate would be 20% better than the current human driver fatality rate [1]. In order to reduce cost and time to accelerate autonomous software development, Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulation is used to supplement vehicle testing. For autonomous vehicles, path following controls are an integral part for achieving lateral control. Combining the aforementioned concepts, this paper focuses on a real-time implementation of a path-following lateral controller, developed by Freund and Mayr [2].