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Technical Paper

Evaluation of the powertrain condition based on the car acceleration and coasting data

Diagnosis of the car is a necessary means for early detection of developing malfunctions. A technique for diagnosing on a short road based on the acceleration in the second and third gears and coasting from 50 or 40 to 20 km / h is proposed. The results should be compared with the reference values calculated, taking into consideration the speed rolling resistance dependence, described by the square trinomial, the speed air resistance dependence with the variable exponent, the losses of the transmission idling mode and the progressive total resistances decrease at speeds below 25 km / h . The general speed dependence of the total resistance is described by a sixth-degree polynomial but not the second-degree one, as many researchers believe. The experimental check was performed on a subcompact sedan with 1.6 atmo engine. Weight of 1370 kg. First class road with an average rise of 0.0182, asphalt in good condition. There was no wind.
Technical Paper

Improving the Process of Vehicle Units Diagnosis by Applying Harmonic Analysis to the Processing of Discrete Signals

The article discusses the features of designing a diagnostic system in which harmonic analysis is used to improve the quality of diagnostic information processing. The cyclic analog signal coming from the sensor and containing the diagnostic information is converted into a discrete signal. Accumulation of diagnostic information processed by equipment is carried out in the form of discrete signals. The processing and analysis of the obtained diagnostic information is carried out by applying harmonic analysis. Periodic processes of operation of vehicle units are associated with the occurrence of noise and vibration having a different frequency but related to the same node. A feature of the presented system is that it uses a contactless method of obtaining diagnostic information about the operation of vehicle units. The system calculates the speed of the node, measures the noise level and calculates the level of vibration that occurs during its operation.
Technical Paper

The complex application of monitoring and express diagnosing for searching failures on Common Rail system units

The article presents the results of the experimental and theoretical studies of the hydraulic processes in the Common Rail system for diagnosing the vehicle at idle and during the loads. The purpose of the work is to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed diagnostic method. The peculiarity of the present approach is that it uses the analysis of fuel pressure fluctuations in the high-pressure accumulator, synchronously with the analysis of the engine speed and the control signals for the electromagnets of the injectors. A technique is described in the context of the service station (SS), the ECM and the components of the vehicle. The methodology takes the form of an OBD-2 self-diagnosis system and its interaction with the monitoring system, as well as the possibility of analyzing the technical state of the fuel regular system fuel pressure sensor.
Technical Paper

Cognitive Model of the Internal Combustion Engine

The article describes researches of the quality of the automobile engine’s operation improving. For estimating and predicting the technical condition of internal combustion engine (ICE) were developed methods and models, which provides usage of the decision support making in the search for minimum fuel consumption regimes. According to the system approach there were developed models of multi-criterion, multiparametric optimization of energy and material-material characteristics of ICE. The developed methods and models for estimating and predicting the technical state of the functionally interconnected and interacting ICE components are performed taking into account their hierarchy and topologies, energy resource used and the fuel. The cognitive methodology has been used to make engine models researches and analysis. Considering the indeterminacy, incompleteness and unclear information in the engines operation processes, paper focuses on the fuzzy logic approach applying.
Technical Paper

The choice of a rational type of fuel for technological vehicles

The article deals with the results of experimental and theoretical studies of the technological vehicle during its work on various types of fuel. The purpose of the work is to choose a rational type of fuel or an energy source for vehicles according to one general criterion. The feature of the proposed methodology is that the indicators of fuel and engine are estimated by the criterion of adaptability of technique to a particular type of fuel. A new approach to environmental safety assessment of technological vehicles while working on different fuels by environmental criterion taking into account the amount of emissions of harmful substances, their maximum permissible concentrations and hazard class. The economic efficiency in the operation of vehicles on alternative fuels is estimated by the criterion of economic efficiency.
Technical Paper

Information Security Risk Management of Vehicles

Abstract The results of this work is allowed to identify a number of cybersecurity threats of the automated security-critical automotive systems, which reduces the efficiency of operation, road safety and system safety. Wired or wireless access of the information networks of the modern vehicles allows to gain control over power unit, chassis, security system components and comfort systems. According to the evaluating criterion of board electronics, the presence of poorly-protected communication channels, the 75% of the researched modern vehicles do not meet the minimum requirements of cybersecurity due to the danger of external blocking of vital systems. The revealed vulnerabilities of the security-critical automotive systems lead to the necessity of developing methods for mechanical and electronic protection of the modern vehicle. The law of normal distribution of the mid-points of the expert evaluation of the cyber-security of a modern vehicle has been determined.
Technical Paper

Assessment of Operation Speed and Precision of Electropneumatic Actuator of Mechanical Transmission Clutch Control System

Abstract This article describes experimental research results of the electropneumatic clutch control device for the mechanical transmission. The aim is to assess electropneumatic clutch control device characteristics to regulate both mechanical and robotic transmission. The feature of the clutch control system having the electropneumatic actuator on the basis of a power cylinder is the use of a control module that consists of an acceleration valve and two electropneumatic valves. A new structural relationship between the electropneumatic clutch control device elements on the basis of the new acceleration valve design is suggested. The assessment of mass and dimension parameters of well-known devices and this electropneumatic clutch control device is provided. A new approach to choose automated clutch control system parameters taking into account the relay electropneumatic control system operation features is suggested.
Technical Paper

Reducing Harmful Emissions of the Vehicular Engine by Rapid After-Start Heating of the Catalytic Converter Using Thermal Accumulator

Abstract The article examines the peculiarities of evaluating the vehicular engine harmful emissions in different heating modes when using thermal development system of the catalytic converter within phase-transitional thermal accumulators. The system under review uses thermal energy from different sources of the vehicular engine during its operation to accumulate it in thermal accumulators. The functional scheme of thermal development of the “vehicular engine - thermal accumulator - catalytic converter” system is shown. The functional scheme takes into account fuel consumption, mechanical energy and harmful emissions when operating the vehicular engine equipped with the exhaust gases cleaning system and the thermal development system with phase-transitional thermal accumulator.
Technical Paper

Information Model of V2I System of the Vehicle Technical Condition Remote Monitoring and Control in Operation Conditions

Abstract Remote monitoring is the most important stage in controlling the technical condition of a modern vehicle under operating conditions. Remote control of the technical condition involves using V2I systems in order to form and apply individual maintenance and repair systems. V2I information model developed in the article is characterized by vehicle digital field, limited by regulatory rules, with means for technical condition parameters monitoring and components of infrastructure for each vehicle monitoring. The article describes the peculiarities of V2I information system and the process of monitoring and evaluating the vehicle technical condition under operating conditions with the possibility of forecasting. The monitoring information system is designed to ensure the vehicle efficient operation under non-stationary operating conditions, with continuous consideration of information from road and transport infrastructure.
Technical Paper

Providing Reliability of Sliding Bearings for Gearwheels of High-Loaded Transport Vehicles Power Transmissions During Operation

Abstract Plane bearings are used as rotating bearings for gear wheels of vehicles transmissions. The design of these units provides for the operation of bearings in two main loading modes: sliding mode (without load transfer) and rolling mode with slipping motion (with load transfer). The mode of sliding bearings operation in the rolling and slipping mode is not sufficiently studied, which makes it impossible to quantify at the design stage the influence of the operating conditions of the vehicle on wear processes, and, therefore, on their reliability. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the condition of the bearing coupling affects the conditions of the gearing. The results of statistical studies of wear and accelerated wearing tests of sliding bearings of gears of a wheeled tractor show the low reliability values of both gear wheels and sliding bearings.
Technical Paper

Improvement of Diagnosing Methods of the Diesel Engine Functioning under Operating Conditions

Operability and efficiency of transport diesel engines significantly depend on periodical diagnosis of its technical condition. The article considers the features of monitoring and diagnostic of transport diesel engines with the help of vibroacoustic analysis of high pressure fuel equipment and gas distribution mechanism. Functional scheme of diagnostic system and analytical method of TDC determination is described. Article gives an example of four-stroke and two-stroke diesel engines diagnosis. Also the article shows turbocharger speed determination and diagnosis with the help of vibroacoustic spectrum analysis. The main feature of the given methods is their high efficiency for diagnosis of transport diesel engines during operation.
Technical Paper

Features of Application Materials While Designing Phase Transition Heat Accumulators of Vehicle Engines

Abstract Thermal control of a vehicle engine operation is a key aspect of the development of a vehicle warming-up systems. The use of heat accumulators and phase transition heat-accumulating materials is perspective. The given article describes the ways of improving thermal properties of phase transition heat-accumulating materials in the processes of their designing, the efficient ways of heat transfer from phase transition heat-accumulating materials to heat carrying agent of heat accumulators and then to vehicles. To create reliable phase transition heat-accumulating materials, different ways of their realization are suggested. One of them is the construction of the corresponding phase diagrams to determine an optimal composition of phase transition heat-accumulating materials with higher thermal properties to operate in a given temperature range.
Technical Paper

Cloud-Driven Traffic Monitoring and Control Based on Smart Virtual Infrastructure

Abstract The new cyber-technological culture of the transport control based on virtual road signs and streetlight signals on the screen of car is the future of Humanity. A cyber-physical system (CPS) Smart Cloud Traffic Control, which realizes the mentioned culture, is proposed; it is characterized by the presence of the digitized regulatory rules, vehicles, infrastructure components, and also accurate monitoring, active cloud streetlight-free cyber control of road users, traffic lights, automatic output of operational regulatory actions (virtual traffic signs and traffic signals) to monitor of each vehicle. The main components of the cyber-physical system are the following: infrastructure, road users and rules, which have digital representation in cyberspace to realize a route, based on digital monitoring and cloud mobile control.
Journal Article

The Evaluation of Vehicle Fuel Consumption and Harmful Emission Using the Heating System in a Driving Cycle

Abstract The article suggests the results of experimental and theoretical studies of the engine heating system with a phase-transitional thermal accumulator when the vehicle is in motion in a driving cycle. The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficiency of the vehicle heating system within thermal accumulator and catalytic converter under operating conditions. The peculiarity of the presented system is that it uses thermal energy of exhaust gases to accumulate energy during engine operation. The article describes the methodology to evaluate vehicle fuel consumption and emission in the driving cycle according to the UNECE Regulation № 83-05. The methodology takes into account the environmental parameters, road conditions, the design parameters of the vehicle, the modes of its motion, thermal state of the engine cooling system and the catalytic converter.
Technical Paper

Improving Engine Pre-Start And After-Start Heating by Using the Combined Heating System

Abstract The article discusses the use of the combined heating system with phase-transitional thermal accumulator. The peculiarity of the presented system is that it uses thermal energy of exhaust gas, coolant and motor oil, and emissions of the internal combustion engine during its operation to accumulate the thermal energy. The results of experimental studies of the combined heating system are shown. A system and methods for pre-start and after-start heating of the vehicular engine in the investigated system are developed. The structure of the "combined heating” system to study the impact of its structural and adjustment parameters on the performance of thermal development of the vehicular engine is described. The use of the combined heating system within phase-transitional thermal accumulators is compared with the use of standard systems for a truck engine 8FS 9.2 / 8. It reduces the time of coolant and motor oil thermal development by 22.9-57.5% and 25-57% accordingly.
Technical Paper

Improving the Processes of Preheating and Heating after the Vehicular Engine Start by Using Heating System with Phase-Transitional Thermal Accumulator

The article discusses the features of applying vehicular engine heating system with phase-transitional thermal accumulator. The peculiarity of the presented system is that it uses thermal energy of exhaust gases from internal combustion engine during its operation to accumulate heat. The results of experimental studies of heating the vehicular engine are shown. The article describes the structure of information package for studying the internal combustion engine of a vehicle with heating system and thermal accumulator during the start and after-start heating. The package allows engine performance parameters and engine thermal development to be estimated from distance within intelligent transport systems. Using phase-transitional thermal accumulator in engine coolant heater system (case studied: G4GC (4FS 8.2 / 9.35) of KIA CEE'D 2.0 5MT2) reduces time for heating by 17.8 - 68.4% and fuel consumption by 19.5 - 56.25%.