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Viewing 1 to 13 of 13
2017-07-10
Technical Paper
2017-28-1927
Saurav Roy, Jyotirmoy Barman, Rizwan Khan
Abstract The urea NOx selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is an effective technique for the reduction of NOx emitted from diesel engines. Urea spray quality has significant effect on NOx conversion efficiency. Air less injection is one of effective, less complex way of injecting urea spray into the Exhaust stream. Further with air less injection it become more challenging in an engine platform of ~3 to 4L where Exhaust mass flow and temperature are relatively less. The droplet diameter and velocity distribution of De-Nox system has taken as input along with Engine raw emission data for a numerical model. The atomization and evaporation of airless urea injection systems were modeled using computational fluid dynamics. The numerical model was validated by the experimental results.
2017-07-10
Technical Paper
2017-28-1937
Jyotirmoy Barman, Prateek Arora, Kumar Patchappalam
Abstract Air Pollution is a major concern in our country due to which Indian Government has taken a decision to move from BS-IV to BS-VI which is nearly 90% reduction in NOx and 50% in particulate matter along with addition of particulate number regulation for BS-VI in comparison to BS-IV norms in very short span of time. Vehicle manufacturers are also having the challenge to produce low cost and fuel efficient product with BS-VI solution in order to meet tightening emission regulations and increasing needs of lower fuel consumption. Detailed study is done with different approaches to meet BS-VI emission which is elaborately explained in different aspect of engine design and after treatment parameter with its pros and cons. After Treatment selection plays an important role in engine development to meet stringent emission legislations and customer demands. Strategies for BS-VI were described with the advantage and drawbacks for after treatment selection.
2017-07-10
Technical Paper
2017-28-1921
Jyotirmoy Barman
Abstract Engine down speeding is rapidly picking up momentum in many segment of world market. Numerous engine down speeding packages from OEM have been tailored to take advantage of the increased efficiencies associated with engine down speeding. Running engine at lower rpm has numerous advantages. The most obvious of these is reduced fuel consumption, since the engine can spend more time running within its optimum efficiency range. By down speeding, the engine is made to run at low speeds and with high torques. For the same power, the engine is operated at higher specific load- Brake Mean Effective pressure (BMEP) which results in higher efficiency and reduced fuel consumption-Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC). The reasons for increased fuel efficiency are reduced engine friction due to low piston speeds, reduced relative heat transfer and increased thermodynamic efficiency.
2017-07-10
Technical Paper
2017-28-1945
Jyotirmoy Barman, Himanshu Gambhir, Rizwan Khan
Abstract During the last few decades, concerns have grown on the negative effects that diesel particulate matter has on health. Because of this, particulate emissions were subjected to restrictions and various emission-reduction technologies were developed. It is ironic that some of these technologies led to reductions in the legislated total particulate mass while neglecting the number of particles. Focusing on the mass is not necessarily correct, because it might well be that not the mass but the number of particles and the characteristics of them (size, composition) have a higher impact on health. During the diesel engine combustion process, soot particles are produced which is very harmful for the atmosphere. Particulate matter is composed of much organic and inorganic composition which was analyzed after the optimization of SCR and EGR engine out.
2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0132
Abhilash Jain, Jyotirmoy Barman, Kumar Patchappalam, Srikanth Gedela
Abstract Selective Catalytic Reduction has established itself to significantly reduce NOx emissions from diesel engines. Typically, in this technology, aqueous urea solution is injected into hot exhaust stream which chemically decomposes to form ammonia and then reacts with NOx to form safe byproducts as H2O and N2 over the catalyst surface. However, incomplete thermal decomposition of urea not only reduces the NOx conversion efficiency and increases the ammonia slip, but also leads to the formation of solid crystals that adversely affect the performance of the system by increasing the back pressure and lowering the overall fuel economy. The present study discusses about the main reasons that lead to crystal formation in a vanadium based SCR system on a six cylinder 5.6l diesel engine and also design considerations of decomposition tube that affect the formation of crystals and ways to mitigate them.
2016-03-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-1728
Prateek Arora, Jyotirmoy Barman, Sumit arora, Munendra Parashar
Abstract In meeting the stringent emission norms the injector selection plays a vital role. Selection of optimum injection parameters helps in achieving good spray targeting and efficient atomization of fuel to generate optimum mixing effect. The purpose of this experimental study is to investigate the effect of injection parameters on a heavy duty diesel engine performance and emission characteristics. The injection parameters such as hydraulic through flow, cone angle, number of holes & hole diameter are studied on 6-cylinder turbocharged common rail diesel engine (BS-IV). The influence of these parameters and their combinations along with the various injection strategies are analyzed using different parametric variations in order to see the combustion and performance trend of engine. The performance of the various hardware configurations are then evaluated and discussed based on the fuel consumption and exhaust emission values.
2016-03-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-1720
Anurag Durve, Jyotirmoy Barman, Rizwan Khan
Abstract Direct injection compression ignition engines have proved to be the best option in light duty applications but rapid depleting sources of conventional fossil fuels, their rising prices and ever increasing environmental issues are the major concerns. Alternate fuels, particularly bio fuels are receiving increasing attention during the last few years. Biodiesel has already been commercialized in the transport sector. In the present work, a turbocharged, intercooled, DI diesel engine has been alternatively fuelled with biodiesel and its 20% blend with commercial diesel. The effect of biodiesel addition to diesel on engine performance, combustion, and emissions were studied in a turbocharged, high-pressure common rail diesel engine. Biodiesel/diesel blends with different biodiesel fractions were used and compared with neat biodiesel and diesel at different engine loads and speeds.
2016-03-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-1733
Jyotirmoy Barman, Sumit Arora, Rizwan Khan, Munendra Parashar
Abstract An efficient after treatment technique is driven by the need to maintain strict emission norms for heavy-duty and medium-duty ground vehicles. SCR being an advanced active emission technology system for diesel engine, is one of the most cost-effective and fuel-efficient technologies available for complying with the stringent NOx emission legislations. The design of the SCR system involves catalyst selection, complex controller development like urea dosing strategy and the interaction between engine setup and after treatment system. For this purpose, the SCR model must be computationally efficient to evaluate the complete efficiency along with to take care for the NH3 slip also. The SCR model was prepared with respect to SCR inlet temperature and ratio of NOx and ammonia to study the behavior of NOx conversion efficiency keeping consideration of NH3 slip also required for optimizing the calibration.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0130
Jyotirmoy Barman, Sumit Arora, Munendra Parashar
Abstract SCR being an advanced active emission technology system for diesel engine, is one of the most cost-effective and fuel-efficient technologies available for complying with the stringent NOx emission legislations. SCR catalyst volume is being considered as the most concerned part for NOx reduction and durability and a key element leading to high financial assessments. The SCR Optimization reduces the possibility of ammonia slip and leads to high NOx conversion rates. By improving the performance of the SCR, the optimization solution also reduces the amount of catalyst needed, thereby reducing associated costs. The decrease in SCR catalyst volume by 1m3 with respect to current set-up will lead to 15% reduction in the total cost of catalyst. All the factors affecting the SCR catalyst volume were focused in detail and the plausible range of catalyst volume was investigated by comparative measurement of these factors.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0091
Ramakant Gode, Angshuman Goswami, Jyotirmoy Barman, Hardik Lakhlani
Abstract Air motion in a cylinder in a compression ignition engine affects on mixing of air-fuel, quality of combustion and emission produced. With upcoming stringent norms for diesel engines, it is necessary to enhance air-fuel mixing for proper combustion. Swirl and tumble are forms of air motion. Swirl is a rotational motion of a bulk mass within cylinder. Swirl is generated by shaping and countering intake manifold and valve ports. Swirl enhances air-fuel mixing and helps to spread flame-front during combustion. The objective of this paper is to analyze the impact of different swirl ratios on NOx and soot emission characteristics inside the cylinder of a DI Diesel engine. The effects of different geometrical parameters of helical port were studied and the swirl ratios are optimized by optimizing the geometrical parameter of helical port. This can be done by different manufacturing, polishing and grinding processes.
2013-11-27
Technical Paper
2013-01-2743
Hardik Lakhlani, Jyotirmoy Barman, Karan Rajput, Angshuman Goswami
Future emissions regulations like BSIV and above in India, Diesel engine manufacturers are forced to find complex ways to reduce exhaust gas pollutant emissions, in particular NOx and particulate matter (PM). Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) into the engine intake is an established technology to reduce NOx emissions. The distribution of EGR in each cylinder plays vital role in combustion process and hence it will affect exhaust emissions. The influence of EGR mixture design and its effect on distribution across the cylinder has significant impact on the NOx-PM trade-off which is studied on light duty direct injection diesel engine. A simulation and experimental study of EGR mixer design is conducted to explain this effect and the distribution of EGR across the cylinder at different EGR flow rate.
2013-11-27
Technical Paper
2013-01-2739
Karan Rajput, Jyotirmoy Barman, Angshuman Goswami, Hardik Lakhlani
Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is one of the most effective methods for reducing the emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) of diesel engines. EGR system has already been used to mass-produce diesel engines, in which EGR is used at the low and medium load of engine operating condition, resulting in NOx reduction. In order to meet future emission standards, EGR must be done over wider range of engine operation, and heavier EGR rate will be needed. It is especially important for EGR to be done in a high engine load range since the amount of NOx is larger than the other engine operation conditions. EGR systems adapted to the diesel engines of trucks usually recirculate exhaust gas utilizing the pressure difference between upstream part of the turbocharger turbine and downstream part of the compressor. The venturi throat diameter plays the vital role for the flow of EGR across the exhaust and intake.
2013-11-27
Technical Paper
2013-01-2741
Angshuman Goswami, Jyotirmoy Barman, Karan Rajput, Hardik N. Lakhlani
Diesel exhaust is a complex mixture of combustion products of diesel fuel, and the exact composition of the mixture depends on the nature of the engine, operating conditions, lubricating oil, additives, emission control system, combustion parameters and fuel composition. In a diesel engine, NOx (NO & NO2) and PM (Particulate Matter) are the most critical constituents for the emission legislation. In order to control the PM emission of diesel engine and comply with increasingly stringent exhaust legislation, more information is required on the components and genesis of PM. In general, PM from diesel engines is classified into two fractions: Insoluble Organic Fraction (ISOF) and Soluble Organic Fraction (SOF). In this experimental study, a series of 13 mode ESC cycle were run on a light duty diesel engine after optimization of combustion parameters (Injection Pressure, Injection Timing, Multiple Injections, EGR rate, etc) in successive tests and PM component was analyzed.
Viewing 1 to 13 of 13