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Journal Article

Optimization of Front Wheel Drive Engine Mounting System for Third Order Shudder Improvement

Nowadays, the vehicle design is highly ruled by the increasing customer demands and expectations. In addition to ride comfort and vehicle handling, the Noise, Vibration and Harshness (NVH) behavior of the powertrain is also a critical factor that has a big impact on the customer experience. To evaluate the powertrain NVH characteristics, the NVH error states should be studied. A typical NVH event could be decoupled into 3 parts: source, path, and receiver. Take-off shudder, which evaluates the NVH severity level during vehicle take-off, is one of the most important NVH error states. The main sources of Front Wheel Drive (FWD) take-off shudder are the plunging Constant Velocity Joints (CVJ) on the left and right half shafts. This is because a plunging CVJ generates a third order plunging force with half shaft Revolution Per Minute (RPM), which is along the slip of the plunging CVJ.
Technical Paper

A Co-Simulation Framework for Full Vehicle Analysis

The paper describes a methodology to co-simulate, with high fidelity, simultaneously and in one computational framework, all of the main vehicle subsystems for improved engineering design. The co-simulation based approach integrates in MATLAB/Simulink a physics-based tire model with high fidelity vehicle dynamics model and an accurate powertrain model allowing insights into 1) how the dynamics of a vehicle affect fuel consumption, quality of emission and vehicle control strategies and 2) how the choice of powertrain systems influence the dynamics of the vehicle; for instance how the variations in drive shaft torque affects vehicle handling, the maximum achievable acceleration of the vehicle, etc. The goal of developing this co-simulation framework is to capture the interaction between powertrain and rest of the vehicle in order to better predict, through simulation, the overall dynamics of the vehicle.
Journal Article

An Expeditious High Fidelity ABAQUS-Based Surrogate Tire Model for Full Vehicle Durability Analysis in ADAMS

This paper discusses an approach to construct a high fidelity surrogate tire model using a two-phase optimization-based algorithm that draws on data generated by off-line nonlinear ABAQUS tire simulations. It subsequently describes the process of Simulink-based interfacing of the resulting surrogate model to a full ADAMS vehicle model to enable accurate and expeditious durability studies. The two-phase surrogate model construction relies on an identification method that draws on the Instantaneous Center Manifold (ICM) theory. In the proposed method, a generally forced non-autonomous nonlinear structural system is represented as a sequence of harmonically excited autonomous nonlinear systems. The close-form solution of each of these systems is produced using the ICM theory. The first phase of the surrogate model construction uses an optimal Orthogonal Matching Pursuit (OMP) algorithm to unify all ICMs used to approximate the reaction force of the tire at its spindle.
Journal Article

Construction and Use of Surrogate Models for the Dynamic Analysis of Multibody Systems

This study outlines an approach for speeding up the simulation of the dynamic response of vehicle models that include hysteretic nonlinear tire components. The method proposed replaces the hysteretic nonlinear tire model with a surrogate model that emulates the dynamic response of the actual tire. The approach is demonstrated via a dynamic simulation of a quarter vehicle model. In the proposed methodology, training information generated with a reduced number of harmonic excitations is used to construct the tire hysteretic force emulator using a Neural Network (NN) element. The proposed approach has two stages: a learning stage, followed by an embedding of the learned model into the quarter car model. The learning related main challenge stems from the attempt to capture with the NN element the behavior of a hysteretic element whose response depends on its loading history.
Technical Paper

A Co-Simulation Environment for Virtual Prototyping of Ground Vehicles

The use of virtual prototyping early in the design stage of a product has gained popularity due to reduced cost and time to market. The state of the art in vehicle simulation has reached a level where full vehicles are analyzed through simulation but major difficulties continue to be present in interfacing the vehicle model with accurate powertrain models and in developing adequate formulations for the contact between tire and terrain (specifically, scenarios such as tire sliding on ice and rolling on sand or other very deformable surfaces). The proposed work focuses on developing a ground vehicle simulation capability by combining several third party packages for vehicle simulation, tire simulation, and powertrain simulation. The long-term goal of this project consists in promoting the Digital Car idea through the development of a reliable and robust simulation capability that will enhance the understanding and control of off-road vehicle performance.