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Journal Article

Cylinder Head Gasket with Integrated Combustion Pressure Sensors for Advanced Engine Controls

The cylinder head gasket with integrated combustion pressure sensors (CHGICPS) reported here targets advanced engine controls and in particular those based on the HCCI, PCCI, or LTC combustion principles, for gasoline, diesel, and alternative fuel engines. Due to the fiber optic combustion pressure sensor's (CPS) accuracy at low pressure during compression integrated into the CHGICPS, this device aims at in-cylinder prediction of mass air flow as well as in-cycle closed loop control of pilot fuel injection in a diesel engine. This paper reports on a replaceable CPS which allows installation and removal from the cylinder head gasket (CHG) without the need for removing the engine head. At the same time the distance layer thickness of CHGICPS is minimized to 2.5 mm and 3.4 mm, depending on the access ability and space constraints around coolant and lubrication ports in the engine.
Technical Paper

Enhancing the Flexural Capabilities of PTFE Seals

A new approach has been developed to enhance polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) seal performance. To accomplish this, a fundamental need to improve the flexural capabilities of the PTFE seal was required. The new approach involves incorporating elastomeric portions to the seal in regions of the sealing lip that previously have been all PTFE. This new concept PTFE seal has demonstrated improved performance to present day bonded and clamped PTFE seal technologies in three specific areas of bench testing: Dynamic Torque reduction of 45% to 60%, Dynamic Durability life improvement of 1000+ hours at 15% higher geometry, and Thermal cycling performance improvement of 5-30%.
Technical Paper

Engineering an Improved Performance PTFE Crankshaft Seal

The engineering of an improved performance PTFE crankshaft (IPPC) seal is a challenge in the pursuit of longer service life and reduced total cost of ownership in the vehicular industry. This paper briefly reviews from the authors’ perspective the evolution of laydown PTFE seal design and details the IPPC seal features along with bench testing performance data.